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Magazine Razor

PatentUS1756439

InventionSafety Razor

FiledWednesday, 3rd February 1926

PublishedTuesday, 29th April 1930

InventorJacob Schick

OwnerMagazine Repeating Razor Company

LanguageEnglish

CPC Classification:   
B26B21/24
  • B26B21/24
    Safety razors with one or more blades arranged transversely to the handle of the magazine type; of the injector type
  • B
    Performing Operations; Transporting
  • B26
    Hand Cutting Tools; Cutting; Severing
  • B26B
    Hand-Held Cutting Tools Not Otherwise Provided For
  • B26B21/00
    Razors of the open or knife type; Safety razors or other shaving implements of the planing type; Hair-trimming devices involving a razor-blade; Equipment therefor
  • B26B21/08
    Razors of the open or knife type; Safety razors or other shaving implements of the planing type; Hair-trimming devices involving a razor-blade; Equipment therefor involving changeable blades
  • B26B21/14
    Safety razors with one or more blades arranged transversely to the handle

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A PDF version of the original patent can be found here.

Patented Apr. 29, 1930. 1,756,439
United States Patent Office.

Jacob Schick, of East Orange, New Jersey. Safety Razor Application filed February 3, 1926.Serial No. 85,632.

This invention relates to an improved safety razor of the type that utilizes a stack of blades and feeds them one at a time from the stack, but the razor is designed to require the interposition of a human agency by transferring the blade by hand to the guard. This placing of the blade in shaving position in the guard is possible by reason of the blades being projected, one at a time, when desired so that they can be grasped and withdrawn entirely from the magazine that contains them.

The invention therefor embodies a razor with means for positively feeding a blade at a time from the stack, then withdrawing the blade so fed and placing it in the holder.

The razor is simple to operate, is cheap to manufacture, and keeps the blades secure and in a water-proof compartment.

The invention also relates to certain details of construction which will be hereinafter more fully described and finally embodied in the clauses of the claims.

The invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings in which Figure 1 is a face view of a razor embodying my invention with the lower part in section. Figure 2 is a section of the lower part of the handle with the magazine partly withdrawn to place a blade in position to be ejected and Figure 3 is a similar view with the magazine returned and the single blade left exposed. Figure 4 is a section on line 4—4 in Figure 1. Figure 5 is a perspective view of the magazine and a holder that may be employed therewith. Figure 6 is a section of the guard showing a form for quickly and positively receiving and securing a blade.

The razor comprises a handle and a guard, the guard being preferably mounted on a post. In the drawing I show a handle 10, a post 11 and a guard 12. The handle has a recess or chamber 13 which is adapted to receive a stack of blades 14. For convenience in handling, the blades are stacked in a magazine 15 which is slidable in the handle. The magazine is best handled when in a holder, one form of holder being shown at 16, which holder consists of a strip of metal which engages the end walls of the magazine by means of the fingers 17 and 18. The lip 19 at the end of the holder is a handy means for operating the holder and sliding it back and forth when it is reciprocated to feed a blade from the stack. The stack of blades is pressed toward the top of the magazine by a spring and I show the spring 20 struck up from the holder 16 and projecting into the bottom of the magazine which is open except for the flanges 21 to support the blades before they are inserted into the razor. The magazine is provided with ears 22 to hold the stack of blades at the top, these ears extending only a slight distance across the top of the top blade.

On the wall of the recess opposite the top of the stack I provide means for engaging the top blade and in the drawing I illustrate a shoulder or projection 23 which is centrally located to allow the ears 22 to pass it.

It will be evident that when the magazine is withdrawn to the position shown in Figure 2 it allows the top blade to be pushed so that it engages the wall 24 below the shoulder 23. When the magazine is pushed in again the blade at the top is fed from the stack as shown at 24a in Figure 3 and is thus projected from the razor so that it can be grasped by the fingers and withdrawn entirely from the razor.

This construction is an example of the razor and it will be evident that other means may be employed for placing the blades successively in exposed position from which position they can be readily withdrawn.

The blade is carried by hand after it is withdrawn from the handle and is then placed in the guard. The guard can be constructed to receive the blade edgewise or laterally but I illustrate one form of guard in which the guard 12 has its fender or guard piece 25 pivoted as at 26 and with a finger-piece 27. The finger-piece is pressed in when a blade is to be inserted and the blade, shown at 28 in Figure 6, is deposited between the fender 25 and the lip 29. Studs 30 limit the rearward movement of the blade. The spring 31 holds the fender in position and is stiff enough to resist the pressure on the fender in shaving. A stiff metal spring or a block of resilient material such as rubber is usually used, this requiring a positive, strong pressure to open the guard to receive a razor blade and when released, holding the blade firmly in place.

The recess 13 is closed by the cap 32 which is either slid or screwed on to the end of the handle, the cap having a marginal flange 33. The cap when removed to permit reciprocation of the stack of blades in the magazine can be used as a tool for withdrawing the holder 16. This will be evident from Figure 1 in which view I show the cap in dotted outline illustrating that it can be hooked over the lip 19 and thus used for pulling the holder from the handle the required distance, thus making this withdrawal easier than if done by the finger nail.

I claim:

1. A razor comprising a handle, a magazine containing a stack of blades, a holder for the magazine and which with the magazine is slidable in the handle, a projection to engage and feed a blade from the stack when the holder and the magazine are reciprocated, the blade so projected being placed so as to be grasped by the hand, a cap adapted to fit over and close the handle, the cap having a marginal flange, a lip on the holder disposed so that when the holder is in place in the handle the flange of the cap, when removed from the handle, can be used as a tool for engaging and withdrawing the holder.

2. A razor comprising a casing, a holder slidable in the casing and adapted to be partially withdrawn therefrom, the holder including a lip at its outer end, and a flanged cap for closing the end of the casing and adapted for engagement with the lip for withdrawing the holder.

In testimony whereof I affix my signature.

Jacob Schick.