HomeHelp
   
parts 33 31 14 15 12 13 16 17 11 21 22 18 10 25 17 27 26 Fig1 Fig1 12 13 14 11 16 33 31 15 21 22 17 18 10 25 17 26 27 Fig2 Fig2 30 32 33 32 30 31 14 15 22 11 20 10 16 20 21 22 Fig3 Fig3 13 12 13 11 22 21 22 Fig4 Fig4 13 32 22 33 21 14 22 31 13 12 32 Fig5 Fig5 14b 11b 31b 15b 21b 22b 35 17b 10b 25b 26b Fig6 Fig6 17a 10a 26a Fig7 Fig7

Ronson “Shaves and Sharpens” Razor

PatentUS1931856

InventionCombined Safety Razor and Sharpening Mechanism

FiledSaturday, 31st January 1931

PublishedTuesday, 24th October 1933

InventorLouis Vincent Aronson

OwnerArt Metal Works Inc.

LanguageEnglish

For a full resolution version of the images click here

A PDF version of the original patent can be found here.

Patented Oct. 24, 1933 1,931,856
United States Patent Office

1,931,856 Combined Safety Razor and Sharpening Mechanism Louis V. Arsonson, Newark, N. J., assignor to Art Metal Works, Inc., a corporation of New Jersey Application January 31, 1931. Serial No. 512,614. 9 Claims. (Cl. 30—12)

This invention relates to a combined safety razor and sharpening mechanism.

Among the objects of this invention is the provision of a safety razor including a sharpening device, together with means providing convenient means for turning of the blade, if a double edged blade is used, to present either of its edges to the sharpening device or to the shaving position without removing the blade from its clamping means.

The invention consists in such novel features, arrangements and combinations of parts, as may be shown, described and claimed in connection with the embodiments of the invention herein disclosed by way of example only.

Other objects of the invention will be apparent from the following description taken in connection with the drawing, in which

Fig. 1 is a central longitudinal section of a combined safety razor and sharpening means showing the blade in position to be turned;

Fig. 2 is a section similar to that in Fig.1 showing one edge of the blade in shaving position and the other edge in sharpening position;

Fig. 3 is a longitudinal section through the head of the razor when the parts are in the position shown in Fig. 2;

Fig. 4 is a top view of the guard and sharpening device;

Fig. 5 is a top view of Figs. 1 and 2;

Fig. 6 shows a modification; and

Fig. 7 shows still another modification.

The invention shown in Figs, 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 includes a hollow handle 10 to which a supporting member 11 is suitably secured or formed integral therewith. Formed on one side of the supporting member 11 is a guard 12 which may be constructed as shown, and may be provided with two spacing lugs for spacing the razor blade 14 from the guard 12 so as to provide an.opening between the blade and the guard through which lather and hair cuttings may pass to facilitate the cutting operation of the blade.

The blade 14 may rest on an inner seat or clamping member or plate 15 which is connected by means of a flexible connection 16 with a stem 17 extending through the hollow handle 10, as indicated in Figs. 1 and 2. This stem 17 may be held against rotation in the handle 10 by means of a pin 18 operating in a slot in the handle, as shown.

The clamping member 15, as shown in Fig. 3, carries a pair of aligning pins 20 which when the blade 14 is moved toward operating position engage in holes in the supporting member 11 to align the edges of the blade with respect to the guard 12 and the sharpening means 21 which, as shown in Fig. 1, may be in the form of a roller constructed of any suitable material such as glass, chromium plated metallic cylinders, or any cylinders having glazed or enameled surfaces or cylinders of any other suitable material. The sharpening roller is supported on ears 22 preferably integral with the supporting member 11. The roller may be rotated by rolling the same over the hand of the user or otherwise as desired.

For the purpose of drawing and retaining the blade in operative position, a spring 25 is provided bearing at one end against a shoulder within the handle 10 and at its other end against the end of a cap 26 having a screw connection with the stem 17. The necessary tension of the spring 25 may be obtained by turning the cap 26 on the stem 17 until its movement is limited by a stud 27 threaded in the closed end of the cap, as shown. Preferably, this adjustment is made at the factory but if any adjustment is needed later on it may readily be effected by a change in the position of the stud 27.

The aligning pins 20 are preferably formed with enlarged aligning-portions 30 which fit in and extend through a slot in the razor blade and are adapted to be engaged by an outer clam ping member or plate 31, after this has been placed in position under the heads 32 of the aligned pins 20. The clamping plate 31 is provided with a gripping surface 33 to facilitate the removal of the plate from, or its connection with, the heads of the aligning pins 20. The construction is such that when the removable clamping plate is in position, the razor blade 14 will be under the required tension.

When the edge of the blade in shaving position becomes dull the blade may be moved from the operative position shown in Fig. 2 to the position shown in Fig. 1, in which position the aligning pins are disengaged from the supporting member 11 and the clamping plates and the razor blade are free to be turned to present the other or sharpened edge into shaving position and to present the dull edge into position to be sharpened by the roller 21.

As shown in Fig. 7, the portion corresponding to the handle 10, shown at 10a, may be made short as well as the stem 17a, while the cap 26a may be made relatively long and may constitute the handle proper. By means of this construction it is possible to disconnect the handle from the razor for convenience in packing.

The operation of the stems 17 and 17a is facilitated by means of engaging flanges on the handles 10 and 10a and the caps 26 and 26a.

In the modification shown in Fig. 6, the inner clamping member or plate 15b is supported on a hollow stem 17b and the outer clamping member or plate 31b is supported on a stem 35 which extends through the stem 17b, the stems being moved relatively longitudinally to move the clamping plates 15b and 31b to clamp or free the razor blade, by means of a cap 26b which bears against a spring 25b which in turn, bears against a shoulder within the handle 10b.

By means of this construction the razor blade may be removed from the razor by removal of the cap 26b which permits the clamping plate 31b to be removed. By pressing on the cap 26b the razor blade may be moved into the position shown in Fig. 1 in connection with the operation of the modification shown in Fig. 2, and by turning the cap 26b the blade may be rotated to present its dull edge to the sharpening device and its sharp edge to the guard as may be readily understood.

While the invention has been described with respect to certain particular preferred examples which give satisfactory results, it will be understood by those skilled in the art, after understanding the invention, that various changes and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention, and it is intended, therefore, in the appended claims to cover all such changes and modifications.

What is claimed as new and desired to be secured by Letters Patent of the United States,is:—

1. The combination of a handle, a razor head secured to the handle and provided with aligning apertures, a razor blade supporting plate constituting a seat for a razor blade, means for moving said plate toward and away from the razor head, aligning pins carried by said plate and adapted to enter said aligning apertures as the plate is moved toward the head, enlarged portions on said pins resting on the outer face of said plate and constituting means for aligning the razor blade, said pins being provided with annular grooves at their outer ends, and a bayonet slotted outer clamping plate adapted to bear against said razor blade and upon application of pressure to flex said blade to an amount determined by the enlarged portions on said pins, said clamping plate being secured on to said pins by movement in the direction of its length.

2. The combination of a handle, a head secured to said handle, a guard on said head, a razor blade supporting plate constituting a seat for a razor blade, aligning members on said seat projecting inwardly for cooperation with apertures in said head, means for moving said plate toward and away from said head, said aligning pins also projecting outwardly from said seat, a clamping plate, and means for detachably connecting said clamping plate to the outwardly projecting portions of said aligning pins.

3. The combination of a hollow handle, a shoulder within said handle, a razor head secured to said handle, a guard carried by said razor head, a plunger slidable in said handle, means for securing and supporting a razor blade on said plunger for movement into and out of cooperative relation with said guard and for rotational movement of said razor blade with respect to said plunger and about an axis longitudinally of said plunger, a cap nut having a screw threaded connection with said plunger and accessible at the end of a handle, a spring operating on said nut and against the interior shoulder on said handle, and a slot and pin connection between said plunger and said handle for preventing rotation of said plunger.

4. The combination of a hollow handle, a razor head secured thereto, a guard on said head, a razor blade supporting means, a plunger secured to said supporting means and slidable in said handle, spring seats within said handle and on said plunger, a spring seated on said seats for moving the razor blade toward said guard, said seat on said plunger being provided by an adjustable cap nut threaded on said plunger and accessible at the end of the handle, and an adjustment controlling member threaded into the interior of the closed end of said cap, said member being adapted to contact with the end of the plunger as the cap nut is advanced on the plunger to limit the movement of the cap nut to control the maximum pressure that may be applied to the spring.

5. The combination of a handle, a head secured to said handle, a guard on said head, a sharpening roller on said head, razor blade supporting means, means for securing a razor blade to said supporting means, a plunger slidable within said handle, and a ball and socket connection between said plunger and said razor blade supporting means whereby when the plunger is moved to draw the blade inwardly the various portions of the edges of the razor blade will be drawn into contact with the corresponding portions of the guard and roller with substantial uniformity of pressure, and when said plunger is moved outwardly the razor blade may be turned edge for edge.

6. The combination of a hollow handle, a head secured to said handle, a guard on said head, a roller on said head, a razor blade supporting plate, an outer clamping plate for securing a double-edged razor blade on said supporting plate in flexed condition under tension, a plunger extending through said handle and connected to said supporting plate for moving the edges of said razor blade secured to said supporting plate by said clamping plate toward and away from said guard and roller, and spring means cooperating with said handle and plunger for yieldingly holding the edges of said blade against said guard and roller.

7. The combination of a hollow handle, a guard member supported on said handle, a sharpening roller supported on said handle, a hollow plunger slidable in said handle, a razor blade supporting plate carried by the outer end of said plunger, a clamping plate for clamping a razor blade on to said supporting plate, a plunger carrying said clamping plate and extending through said hollow plunger, a spring within said handle, a cap nut adapted to be threaded on said last mentioned plunger and advanced into contact with said hollow plunger to tension a razor blade on said supporting plate and constituting a seat for one end of the spring within said handle, and a seat within said handle.for the other end of said spring.

8. The combination of a hollow handle, a guard member supported on said handle, a sharpening roller supported on said handle, a hollow plunger slidable in said handle, a razor blade supporting plate carried by the outer end of said plunger, a clamping plate for clamping a razor blade on to said supporting plate, a plunger carrying said clamping plate and extending through said hollow plunger, a spring within said handle,a cap nut adapted to be threaded on said last mentioned plunger and advanced into contact with said hollow plunger to tension a razor blade on said supporting plate and constituting a seat for one end of the spring within said handle, a seat within said handle for the other end of said spring, and means for limiting the advancing movement of the cap nut.

9. The combination of a handle, a head secured to said handle, a guard on said head, a razor blade supporting plate constituting a seat for a razor blade, aligning members on said seat projecting inwardly for cooperation with apertures in said head, means for moving said seat toward and away from said head, said aligning members also projecting outwardly from said seat to align a razor blade on said seat, a clamping plate provided with apertures receiving said aligning pins for aligning said clamping plate, and means for detachably connecting said clamping plate to said seat.


Louis V. Aronson.