FiledSaturday, 18th December 1886
PublishedTuesday, 13th September 1887
InventorHenry C. Bliss
Safety razors with one or more blades arranged transversely to the handle involving blades with only one cutting edge
Performing Operations; Transporting
Hand Cutting Tools; Cutting; Severing
Hand-Held Cutting Tools Not Otherwise Provided For
Razors of the open or knife type; Safety razors or other shaving implements of the planing type; Hair-trimming devices involving a razor-blade; Equipment therefor
Razors of the open or knife type; Safety razors or other shaving implements of the planing type; Hair-trimming devices involving a razor-blade; Equipment therefor involving changeable blades
Safety razors with one or more blades arranged transversely to the handle
Parts not referenced in the text: None
Parts not referenced in the images: None
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, Henry C. Bliss, of West Springfield, Hampden county, Massachusetts, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Razors, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates more especially to a class of devices commonly called “safety-razors;” but the same can with advantage be employed in razors not having an edge-guard, which is the usual distinguishing feature of a safety-instrument of the above class.
It has been found by practical experiment and use that razors of the “hoe-handle” style of construction are more easily manipulated than the old form, in that the motion of the hand and fingers in using the former is more natural and more easily directed by the sight. These razors, however, have heretofore been at this disadvantage. In order to sharpen and generally to clean the blade it has been necessary to remove the same bodily from the holder, and for stropping to insert it in a ferrule made expressly for that purpose. In my device herein shown I have completely met these difficulties and provided an arrangement of parts which permits the sharpening and cleaning of the blade without removal of the same from the holder, an arrangement which, I believe, in fact renders the sharpening of the blade much easier and more certain than any other method heretofore known. I have further provided a convenient hood or protector for the edge of the blade when not in use, thus rendering the instrument less liable to injury or dulling, and, generally, by certain novel arrangements of parts have materially added to the simplicity and efficiency of this class of implements, all of which is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which—
Under the shank of the blade, and impinging against it at its rear edge, is spring
For cleaning the blade it is sufficient to turn it half back, as seen in
The above arrangement of blade and spring and holder is also valuable with the guard
To enable the blade to be readily engaged by the finger for the purpose of turning it back, I have found it advisable to shorten the central and rear portion of the holder and correspondingly deepen the notches in the shank of the blade, as shown in
To remove the blade from the holder, it is only necessary to press the blade downward against the spring until the pivot at one end is free from the loop, and then withdraw the blade entirely, as will be readily seen.
When thus fashioned, the wire is soldered or otherwise secured to the front of the holder and bent forward, as shown in
Other modifications maybe made in my said device without departing from the scope of my invention—as, for instance, the notches may be omitted from the shank of the blade and the pivots be inserted in the plane end. The spring and handle may not be integral, and the pivoted blade, spring, spring-handle, and wire guard be used in other combinations.
It will be seen that when the blade is swung back to the most rearward position (a position which it occupies when being stropped on one side) the body of the blade rests upon the rear portion of the spring
I am aware that razors have heretofore been constructed having the blade held in position by lips or clamps projecting on the concave face thereof, which arrangement, in a measure, leaves the upper face of the blade clear, and I do not include such form of construction in my claims. It will be found, however, practically that when a common elastic strop is passed over a blade thus held in position the face of the strop will be abraded by the clamps, and aside from improving the construction in view of the above, it is very desirable to have the upper face of the blade entirely clear for wiping and cleaning.
Having now fully described my invention, what I claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is—
1. In a razor, the blade
2. In a razor, the pivoted blade
3. In a safety-razor, a blade forming the uppermost part of the device, pivoted or hinged to the holder thereof by pivots or hinges projecting from the body of the blade between the upper and lower face of the blade, said pivot or pivots and pivotal connections being flush or lower than the upper face of the blade, whether turned forward or back, to facilitate the sharpening of the blade, substantially as described.
4. In a safety-razor, a holder provided with loop-bearings
5. In a razor, the combination, with the holder, of spring
6. The combination, in a razor having a pivoted blade, of an integral spring and handle,
7. In a razor, the combination, with a holder of a pivoted or hinged blade having an angular shank, of spring
8. In a safety-razor, the combination, with a pivoted blade, of a spring,
9. In a safety-razor, the combination of a blade provided with pivots
10. In a safety-razor, the combination with a blade having pivots projecting longitudinally from the shank, of a trough-shaped holder having at its front an edge-guard and at its rear portion arms bent to form bearings for the pivots, substantially as described.
11. In a razor having a pivoted or hinged blade, the arrangement of the pivot or pivotal or hinge connections between the plane of the upper and plane of the lower face of the blade, whereby the uppermost face of the blade, whether turned forward or back, is left unencumbered for convenience of stropping and cleaning.
12. In a safety-razor, a rest or seat arranged at the rear of the blade for supporting the blade when swung back for stropping and cleaning, substantially as described.
13. In a razor, the combination of a blade protector or hood,
14. In a safety-razor, the following organizations: the holder
Henry C. Bliss.
Robert O. Morris,
M. Wells Bridge.