No. 690,947.Patented Jan. 14, 1902.
United States Patent Office.
Franz Josef Halbekann, of Solingen, Germany, assignor to the firm of Koeller & Co., of Solingen, Germany.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 690,947, dated January 14, 1902.
Application filed September 5, 1901. Serial No. 74,350. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, Franz Josef Halbekann, a citizen of the German Empire, and a resident of Solingen, Rhine Province, Prussia, Germany, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Safety-Razors, of which the following is a specification.
The safety-razor illustrated in the accompanying drawings is characterized in particular by the facts that the trough-shaped portion of the casing which serves to catch the lather can be taken off, so as to permit of easy and thorough cleaning, and that the blade can easily be taken out, fastened, or adjusted.
Figure 1 in the drawings is a side view; Fig. 2, atop view. Figs. 3 and 4 are front and back views, respectively. Fig. 6 is a back view after the removal of the lather-trough. Figs. 5 and 7 are side views, the former showing the lather-trough separated from the blade-holder, while the latter is intended particularly to illustrate the mode of taking out the blade.
One side a of the trough or casing w, that serves to catch the lather, is bent over outward at its edge, while the other side b is inclined outward. The protecting comb or guard d of the blade has a hook-like bend d′, and opposite this an angular piece d2 is arranged. When it is required to affix the trough w, the bend of the side a is first fitted into the bend d′, Fig. 5. The side b is then pressed toward the side a and the upper end of the former brought into position in the angle formed by the part d2 of the comb, Fig. 7. On removing the trough the operation is reversed. The side b is first pressed toward a and released from the angular piece d2, upon which the bend of the side a can easily be taken out of the bend d′. The blade, which lies in the movable jaws c on the comb d, is fastened by the aid of a flap or finger e, provided with a tongue e′. The finger e turns on a pivot e2, supported in bearings of guard d, Fig. 6, and surrounded by a coiled spring f. This spring bears with one end against the guard d and with its other end against the tongue e′, so that it tends to press the finger e firmly against the back of the blade. If pressure is applied to the tongue e′ in the direction indicated by the arrow in Fig. 7, the finger e is moved away from the back of the blade, and the latter can be taken out of the jaws c backward, Fig. 7. The jaws c are formed by the bent ends of plates l, which are pivoted at n to the inner side of the guard d and are engaged by set-screws r. Owing to this arrangement the said jaws, and with them the blade, can be adjusted backward and forward. The jaws are effectively guided in a very simple manner by the said plates l turning on the pivot n.
What I claim is—
1. Safety-razor, thereby characterized that the part of the casing that catches the lather is arranged so as to act after the manner of a spring, and so that it is held by the outwardly-bent ends of its sides a b against the inwardly-bent parts d′ d2 of the protecting-comb d, but so that it can easily be removed on the said sides being pressed together.
2. A safety-razor composed of a U-shaped casing, a guard having bent ends adapted to engage the same, and a spring-finger pivoted to the guard and adapted to bear against the back of the blade, substantially as specified.
3. A safety-razor composed of a U-shaped casing, a guard having bent ends adapted to engage the same, and plates pivoted to the guard and having jaws adapted to engage the blade, substantially as specified.
4. A safety-razor composed of a U-shaped spring-casing, and of a guard having bent ends adapted to be sprung over the ends of said casing, substantially as specified.
5. A safety-razor composed of a U-shaped spring-casing, a guard having bent ends adapted to engage the same, a pair of jaws secured to the guard, and a spring-finger adapted to engage the back of the razor-blade, substantially as specified.
6. A safety-razor composed of a U-shaped spring-casing, a guard having bent ends adapted to engage the same, a pair of jaws pivotally connected to the casing, set-screws for adjusting the jaws, and a spring-finger adapted to engage the back of the razor-blade, substantially as specified.
Signed by me at Solingen this 15th day of August, 1901.
Franz Josef Halbekann.