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Hair Planer

PatentUS737775

InventionHair-Planer

FiledThursday, 1st May 1902

PublishedTuesday, 1st September 1903

InventorNazire J. Robedeau

OwnersNazire J. Robedeau, Carl E. L. Weber

LanguageEnglish

CPC Classification:   
B26B21/12
  • B26B21/12
    Safety razors with one or more blades arranged longitudinally to the handle combined with combs or other means for hair trimming
  • B
    Performing Operations; Transporting
  • B26
    Hand Cutting Tools; Cutting; Severing
  • B26B
    Hand-Held Cutting Tools Not Otherwise Provided For
  • B26B21/00
    Razors of the open or knife type; Safety razors or other shaving implements of the planing type; Hair-trimming devices involving a razor-blade; Equipment therefor
  • B26B21/08
    Razors of the open or knife type; Safety razors or other shaving implements of the planing type; Hair-trimming devices involving a razor-blade; Equipment therefor involving changeable blades
  • B26B21/10
    Safety razors with one or more blades arranged longitudinally to the handle

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A PDF version of the original patent can be found here.

No. 737,775.Patented Sept. 1, 1903.
United States Patent Office.

Nazire J. Robedeau, of Toledo, Ohio. Hair-Planer.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 737,775, dated September 1, 1903. Application filed May 1, 1902. Serial No. 105,442. (No model.)

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, Nazire J. Robedeau, a citizen of the United States, residing at Toledo, in the county of Lucas and State of Ohio, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Hair-Planers, of which the following is a specification.

My invention relates to hair-planers, and has for its object to provide a device of the kind whereby hair, after being first roughly shingled with shears to nearly the desired length, may with great rapidity be planed smooth and even and all inequalities removed.

With this object in view my invention consists of a comb provided with means for securing thereto a cutting-blade at a suitable angle with the edge portion transverse and resting sidewise upon the teeth of the comb.

A preferred embodiment of my invention is hereinafter described, and illustrated in the drawings, in which—

Figure 1 is a top plan view of a planer constructed in accordance with my invention. Fig. 2 is a top plan view, partially in section, of the removable razor-blade. Fig. 3 is a side elevation of the comb and holder with the blade removed therefrom. Fig. 4 is a section on the line X X of Fig. 1, showing the blade in position for operating, and Fig. 5 is an isometric view of the comb and holder with the blade removed.

In the drawings, 1 designates the comb portion of the planer, which is of a suitable length and has secured lengthwise and sidewise thereto a bar 2 by means of rivets 3. The bar 2 has integral therewith end portions 4, bent at right angles to the bar and extending from the back of the comb toward the end of the teeth 5 and adapted to rest upon the extreme end teeth of the comb portion, and the upper corners and edges of the end walls are suitably rounded. In the rear ends of walls 4 are formed elongated slots 6, extending from the rear toward the teeth and disposed slightly above the top of the transverse connecting-bar 2.

7 designates a cutter-blade, preferably razor-shaped in cross-section, which is of a length to be inserted between the end walls 4 and rest upon the teeth of the comb. From the ends of the back of the blade extend in diametric opposite directions externally-threaded pins or trunnions 8 and the trunnions are of a diameter to enter the slots 6, formed in the end walls 4 of the holder and of a length to extend beyond the walls in opposite directions when the cutter is inserted between the end walls of the holder.

9 designates handles of a suitable length and formation, each provided with an axial bore 10, internally. threaded and of a diameter to adapt the handles to be run on the trunnions of the cutter. For assembling the parts of the planer the handle portions are slightly run away from the cutter, which is then inserted between the walls of the holder with the trunnions in the slot 6, and after the cutter is inserted therein the handle portions are tightened and compress washers 11, interposed between each end wall and the adjacent handle portion. By this construction the cutter is adapted to be firmly secured in position for operation and is readily removable from the comb for honing and stropping.

A device constructed in this manner when run as a comb through the hair after being roughly shingled with shears to about the desired length is adapted to plane off with great rapidity any inequalities of length and leave the hair smooth and even. The planer is adjusted to the desired length of hair by holding the device at a suitable angle for such length with the teeth of the comb resting upon the surface.

While I have shown and described the holder as secured to a comb, it is obvious that the teeth may be formed integral with the holder without departing from the principle of construction of my invention. I therefore do not limit myself to the exact construction shown and described.

What I claim to be new is—

1. In a hair-planer, the combination of a comb having end portions bent at right angles thereto; slots in the rear ends of the end portions; a cutter-blade of a length adapted to be inserted between the end portions from the back of the comb and having a threaded trunnion extended from each end of the back of the blade, each adapted to enter the slot of the adjacent end portion; and handles for the trunnions having axial threaded bores, adapting the handles to be run on the trunnions and secure the cutter-blade to the comb with the edge portion of the cutter transverse the free ends of the teeth and resting thereon.

2. In a hair-planer, the combination of a holder comprising a bar having end portions bent at right angles thereto; a comb secured to the holder by one side of the back of the comb with the end portions of the holder resting on the end teeth of the comb; slots in the back ends of the end portions of the holder; a cutter-blade adapted in length to be inserted between the end portions of the holder from the back and having a threaded trunnion extended from each end of the back of the blade adapted to enter the slot of the adjacent end portion of the holder when the blade is inserted in the holder; and handles having axial threaded bores adapted to be run on the trunnions of the blade and secure the blade in position in the holder, substantially as shown and described.

In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand this 29th day of April, A. D. 1902.

Nazire J. Robedeau.

Witnesses:

William H. Moor,

Herman H. Martin.