No. 766,471.Patented Aug. 2, 1904.
United States Patent Office.
Orange S. Terry, of Toledo, Ohio.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 766,471, dated August 2, 1904.
Application filed October 5, 1903. Serial No. 175,800. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, Orange S. Terry, of Toledo, county of Lucas, and State of Ohio, have invented new and useful Improvements in Safety-Razors; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, which will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to the letters of reference marked thereon, which form part of this specification.
This invention relates to improvements in safety-razors, and has for its object to provide a safety-razor so constructed: that the blade will automatically properly adjust itself into the blade-holder regardless of its shape or size within the limits of the device without the adjustment of any part and without the use of any tool.
This invention also has for its object to provide a safety-razor having a retaining-piece that can be released with the thumb of the hand holding the razor, and thus leaving the other hand free for removing the blade.
Economy of construction is another purpose of my invention and is accomplished by the use of a less number of parts than has been heretofore used.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is an isometric view of my safety-razor with blade in position for use. Fig. 2 is a plan view of the back of razor-casing. Fig. 3 is a cross-section of the safety-razor on the line x x, Fig. 2. Fig. 4 is an end view of the razor-casing without blade or retaining-piece.. Fig. 5 is a plan view of the front of same. Fig. 6 is a cross-section on the line y y, Fig. 5.
In the drawings is shown a casing A, having guard-teeth B and a screw-threaded opening C, into which the handle D may be screwed. For holding the blade in the casing at the sides of the casing and integral therewith are formed clips E, extending over and downward in front of the blade H, having elongated ends F, which have raised points G, which press against the face of the blade H. The clips E are formed so as to spring or give under pressure to compensate for the different thicknesses of blades.
It will be seen that a blade of minimum thickness will just touch the clip- points G when in proper place, and a blade of maximum thickness will force the clip-points G up until the blade hits the clips E.
Journaled to the casing across its full width is atop piece I, having a forward-extending retaining-guard J integral therewith: The top piece is best curved backward, so as to form a lather-guard and thumb-point R, and is journaled to the casing by means of hinge-loops K and pin L. The top piece I is urged forward by means of a spiral spring M, mounted on the pin L, having a downward-extending end N, pressing against the casing, and an upward-extending end O, pressing against the top piece I, thus actuating it forward, so that the retaining-guard J will come in contact with the blade H and urge it down against the stops P. By pressing the top piece J it can be removed for cleaning and sharpening.
Having described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is—
1. In a safety-razor, the combination of a casing, having guard-teeth B and threaded opening C for the reception of the handle, clips E formed upon the sides of the casing and extending inwardly and provided with downwardly-projecting ends to engage the plate and hold the same within the casing, a top piece I journaled to the casing across its full width having a forwardly-extending retaining-guide J integral therewith, and a spring for urging the top piece forward mounted upon the journal thereof.
2. In a safety-razor, the combination with a handle, of a casing provided with a series of guard-teeth B, stops P and two inwardly-projecting clips E each of said clips being provided with downwardly-projecting ends G and a blade adapted to fit within the casing and limited in its forward movement by the stops and held closely within the casing by means of the points G, hinged loops K provided upon the rear edge of the casing, a pin passing through said loops, a top piece I journaled upon said pin and providing a lather-guide, a thumb-point, and a spring mounted upon the pin and having its terminals in engagement with the top piece I and the casing said top piece being further provided with a retaining-guide which is held in contact with the back of the top piece by the spring.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own I hereto affix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
Orange S. Terry.
Wm. K. Terry,