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Safety Razor

PatentUS783660

InventionSafety-Razor

FiledWednesday, 4th May 1904

PublishedTuesday, 28th February 1905

InventorAnthony Williams

OwnersJesse B. Levy, Anthony Williams

LanguageEnglish

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No. 783,660.Patented Feb. 28, 1905.
United States Patent Office.

Anthony Williams, of Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, assignor of one-half to Jesse B. Levy, of Cherryvale, Kansas. Safety-Razor.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 783,660, dated February 28, 1905. Application filed May 4, 1904. Serial No. 206,266.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, Anthony Williams, a citizen of the United States, residing at Pittsburg, in the county of Allegheny and State of Pennsylvania, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Safety-Razors, of which the following is a specification, reference being had therein to the accompanying drawings.

This invention relates to safety-razors, and particularly to that type wherein the head is of double construction and the blade formed with two cutting edges and so held that either edge may be used at the pleasure of the operator.

The general object of the invention is to improve and simplify the construction and adjustments of the razor and render the same more substantial and efficient than heretofore.

A further object is to provide improved means for securing the blade, also for holding the same raised from the razor-head in convenient position for cleaning.

Still a further object is to so construct the razor that the blade may be removed and replaced without disturbing the adjustment of the guards.

In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a vertical longitudinal sectional view of the improved razor. Fig. 2 is an end view of the same. Fig. 3 is a top plan view. Fig. 4 is a vertical cross-section taken on line 4 4 of Fig. 1. Fig. 5 is a sectional view of a portion of the razor, showing the blade turned upward. Fig. 6 is a detail view of the blade.

Referring to the drawings, the blade-holding head is of general U form, and consists of horizontal body portion 2 and opposite upright spring-arms 3. The upper extremity of each arm is turned outward at 4, and just below this extremity the arm is formed with opposite lateral extensions 5, which form a bearing-surface for blade 6, the latter being formed near each end with a slot or opening 7, through which the extremities 4 of arms 3 are adapted to pass when the arms are contracted by hand-pressure, thus permitting the blade to rest on arm extensions 5. Upon being released arms 8 spring outward into the outer and narrower ends of slots 7, thus accurately centering the blade, which is securely held by arm extremities 4.

Body 2 is formed with a central threaded aperture, which receives threaded shank 8 of handle 9. Confined on the handle at the base of the shank is the double-U-shaped guard member 10, which embraces body 2 and arms 3, as shown, and at opposite ends extends upward beneath the upwardly and outwardly sloping bottom edges 5′ of arm enlargements 5, the guard being preferably rounded or curled at 11 for this engagement. The opposite sides of the guard are of toothed or serrated form, as shown at 12, the outer extremities of the teeth being turned outward and then backward or downward to form the guard-fingers 13. The fingers on each side are in line and extend in close proximity to the inner face of the blade and laterally slightly beyond the edges thereof, so as to engage the face of the user and hold the blade at a proper angle for shaving. This double-guard member is formed of spring metal, and the opposite sides thereof normally spring inward or toward each other; but by rotating and advancing the handle and guard by means of threaded shank 8 the opposite sides of, the guard are caused to spread by moving upward and outward over inclines 5′, thus moving the opposite sides of the guard to any desired position or adjustment with respect to the cutting edges of the blade. This adjustment having been once secured, it remains undisturbed so long as the handle is not turned.

Projecting from the opposite end edges of the adjacent guard members are the inturned lugs 14, which have their extremities turned to form stops 15, which are immediately above the edge faces 11, the purpose of these stops being to form a backing against which the blade may be held in upright position by one of spring-arms 3, with the end of the blade resting on guard edges 11, as shown in Fig. 5. The blade may be thus conveniently and securely held in raised position for cleaning or other purposes without being entirely removed from the razor-head.

With the razor constructed as herein shown described the blade may be conveniently oved and replaced without disturbing the adjustment of the guard by simply contracting the opposite spring-arms of the razor-ad, and when in place the blade is accurately centered and securely held.

While the improvements are here shown ied to a razor of double form, they may be differently embodied without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.

I claim—

1. A safety-razor comprising a holder adapted at its upper end to support a blade, a blade, inwardly and downwardly sloping projections the holder beneath and adjacent to the blade-supporting surface thereof, and a guard adjustable over said sloping projections.

2. A safety-razor comprising a holder adapted at its upper end to support a blade, a blade, inwardly and downwardly sloping projections on the guard beneath and adjacent to the blade, an inwardly-springing guard bearing against said projections, and means for moving the guard for the purpose of varying its position with relation to the blade.

3. A safety-razor comprising a blade formed with openings, a holder, yielding blade-securing projections on the holder adapted to be deflected for entering the blade-openings, and a guard.

4. A safety-razor comprising a blade formed with openings, a holder, spring-arms on the holder adapted to be deflected and enter the blade-openings and secure the same, and a guard.

5. A safety-razor comprising a blade formed with openings, a holder, arms on the holder adapted at their outer ends to enter the blade-openings and secure the same, blade-supports on the arms, and a guard.

6. A safety-razor comprising a blade formed with openings, a holder, yielding arms on the holder adapted to be deflected for entering the blade-openings, lateral projections on the arms for overhanging the blade, blade-supports on the arms adjacent said projections, and a guard.

7. A safety-razor comprising a blade formed with openings, a holder, opposite spring-arms on the holder having their extremities turned laterally to overhang the blade after passing through the openings thereof, blade-supports on the arms below said-extremities, and a guard.

8. A safety-razor comprising a holder having sloping surfaces, a guard adjustable with relation to the holder over said surfaces, and a removable blade having fixed position on the holder with respect to said sloping surfaces.

9. A safety-razor comprising a holder adapted to support a blade, a blade, a handle having an adjustable connection with the holder, and a guard movable with the handle and adapted to be adjusted thereby with relation to the blade.

10. A safety-razor comprising a holder, a double-edge blade accessible at opposite sides of the holder, a double guard, and means for adjusting the guard with relation to the blade.

11. A safety-razor comprising a holder adapted at its upper end to support a blade, a double-edge blade having position thereon and accessible from opposite sides of the holder, and a laterally-adjustable double guard carried by the bolder beneath and adjacent to the blade-supporting end thereof.

12. A safety-razor comprising a holder having upwardly-projecting arms, a double-edge blade adapted to be secured to the outer ends of the arms, a U-shaped guard adapted to embrace said arms, and means for adjusting the guard with relation to the blade.

13. A safety-razor comprising a holder having opposite upwardly-projecting arms, blade-supporting surfaces at the outer ends of the arms, a double-edge blade adapted to be secured on said surfaces, a normally contracted U-shaped guard adapted to embrace the arms, and means for expanding the guard and for moving the same toward and from the blade.

14. A safety-razor comprising a U-shaped holder having the opposite spring-arms, a double-edge blade formed with openings to receive the arm extremities and adapted to be secured thereby, a U-shaped guard adapted to embrace the holder, and means for moving the guard toward and from the blade and for adjusting the same laterally.

15. A safety-razor comprising a holder, a spring-arm thereon, a blade, having an opening to receive the spring-arm and adapted to be secured in operative position at right angles to the arm, and a stop adjacent the spring-arm against which the latter is adapted to hold the blade in upturned position, and a guard.

In testimony whereof I affix my signature in presence of two witnesses.

Anthony Williams.

Witnesses:

J. M. Nesbit,

Alex. S. Mabon.