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Arnold Fountain Safety Razor

Patent US843923

Invention Safety-Razor

Filed Saturday, 15th September 1906

Published Tuesday, 12th February 1907

Inventor Frederick Herbert Arnold

Language English

CPC Classification:   
  • B26B21/52
    Handles, e.g. tiltable, flexible
  • B
    Performing Operations; Transporting
  • B26
    Hand Cutting Tools; Cutting; Severing
  • B26B
    Hand-Held Cutting Tools Not Otherwise Provided For
  • B26B21/00
    Razors of the open or knife type; Safety razors or other shaving implements of the planing type; Hair-trimming devices involving a razor-blade; Equipment therefor
  • B26B21/40
    Details or accessories

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A PDF version of the original patent can be found here.

United States Patent Office.

Frederick H. Arnold, of Reading, Pennsylvania. Safety-Razor.
No. 843,923. Specification of Letters Patent. Patented Feb. 12, 1907.
Application filed September 15, 1906. Serial No. 334,789

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, Frederick H. Arnold, citizen of the United States, residing at Reading, in the county of Berks and State of Pennsylvania, have invented certain new and useful Improvement in Safety-Razors, of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates to safety-razors of the class in which the blade lies on the same plane with the handle.

The object of the present invention is to provide a razor the blade of which may be set at any angle to the line of the handle and in which the entire blade and guard may be drawn into a tubular handle when not in use.

The invention consists of a tubular handle in which a sliding rod is mounted and an adjustable guard secured to the outer end thereof. The whole is operated by a spring and is capable of being securely held in either open or closed position.

The invention is more fully described in the following specifications and clearly illustrated in the accompanying drawing, in which—

Figure 1 is a plan view, and Fig. 2 a sectional view of my razor. Fig. 3 is a detail view of the adjusting device. Fig. 4 shows in detail the clamping device for securing the blade to the guard at its outer end. Figs. 5 and 6 are detail views of the guard and blade, respectively.

The numeral 1 designates the handle, 2 the guard, and 3 the blade. The handle is in the form of a tube and has a coiled spring 4 located therein.

The numeral 5 designates the guard-carrier in the form of a rod adapted to travel in the guide 6, located inside the handle. The outer end 7 of the rod is bent at right angles and is provided with an adjusting locking device by means of which the guard is held in the desired position thereon. This locking device consists of an internally-screw-threaded sleeve 8, having a shoulder 9, which engages a collar 10 on the end of the rod 5. The rod 5 is formed with a plurality of notches 11 in its upper face, and the handle has a button 12, backed by a spring 13, secured to the inside of the handle, and this spring is formed with a projection 14 on its free end, adapted to engage one of said notches. The coiled spring 4 is secured to said rod and forces it out of the handle when the rod is released from its hold by the projection 14.

The guard is formed with the usual teeth, and it has a central screw-threaded projection 15, onto which the locking sleeve 8 screws. The guard is also formed with a hinge member 16 at one end.

The blade is of thin sheet metal, has two cutting edges, and is formed with a hinge member at one end adapted to register with the hinge member on the guard, to which it may be secured by the usual pin. The outer end of the blade has a snap-hook 18 formed thereon. This hook is intended to engage the outer end of the guard when the blade is closed against it.

The entire guard and blade are housed in the handle, and when it is desired to use the razor the button 12 is raised, releasing the rod 5, and the coiled spring will force the entire guard, blade, and carrier out until the projection 14 engages the rod at its rear notch 11, where it will be held against further movement, The guard may then be set at any angle, as shown in Fig. 1, by loosening the locking-sleeve 8 and setting the guard to the desired position, when it is again tightened.

Having thus fully described my invention, what I claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is—

1. In a safety-razor a guard, a blade hinged thereto at one end and provided with a snap-hook at its opposite end, a carrying-rod, means for adjustably securing said guard to said rod in combination with a hollow handle, a spring, located therein adapted to engage said rod in open or closed position and a coiled spring adapted to operate said rod.

2. In a safety razor, a hollow handle, a spring-backed rod located therein, means for engaging said rod in open or closed position, a guard secured to the end of said rod, means for setting said guard at any angle to said rod, and a blade hinged to said guard at one end and provided with means for securing i+ to said guard at the other end, the entire device capable of being housed in the handle.

In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses:

Frederick H. Arnold.


M. C. Kreider,

Ed. A. Kelly.