FiledThursday, 1st August 1907
PublishedTuesday, 11th February 1908
InventorAlonzo Abner Warner
OwnerLanders, Frary and Clark
Safety razors with one or more blades arranged longitudinally to the handle
Performing Operations; Transporting
Hand Cutting Tools; Cutting; Severing
Hand-Held Cutting Tools Not Otherwise Provided For
Razors of the open or knife type; Safety razors or other shaving implements of the planing type; Hair-trimming devices involving a razor-blade; Equipment therefor
Razors of the open or knife type; Safety razors or other shaving implements of the planing type; Hair-trimming devices involving a razor-blade; Equipment therefor involving changeable blades
Parts not referenced in the text: None
Parts not referenced in the images: None
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, Alonzo A. Warner, a citizen of the United States, residing at New Britain, in the county of Hartford and State of Connecticut, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Safety-Razors, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to improvements in safety razors, and the objects of my improvements are simplicity and economy in construction, with convenience and efficiency in use; particularly with reference to the blade and the guard.
In the accompanying drawing:
My razor is what may be called the old fashioned style or form having a thin blade with a ribbed or thickened back and a shank pivoted to a handle so that the edge of the blade may be shut in between the two scales of the handle. The handle
The filling piece
In order to change blades, the handle
I form the guard
The guard and its holder may be both slipped upon the razor together, or the guard may be first placed thereon and the guard holder afterwards slipped thereon. Both ends of the guard and its holder are alike so that they may be put on either end first, and thereby place the guard on either broad side of the blade as may be desired. By changing the guard so that the ribbed member
While I have shown my guard and its holder in connection with a blade or back of a specific construction, they are equally applicable to an ordinary blade made in one piece with the back, or to any blade with a thickened back, and may be so applied without any substantial change in construction.
By my improvement I construct the blade, back and tang from sheet metal, whereby the construction Is simple and inexpensive. The blade proper is readily and conveniently detachable for sharpening, or for substitution, and is firmly and efficiently held in place. It is substantially a flat sided blade, that is to say, it is free from ribs or projections of any kind on its sides. It is inserted in the slot of the back by moving the blade edgewise in the slot towards the back, instead of slipping the blade longitudinally into the end of the back towards the handle, as in other detachable blades. The complete razor, without the guard, is substantially in the form of the old fashioned forged razor, although it is made of sheet metal.
The guard and its holder are conveniently applied to either side of the blade for right or left handed use and the proper projection of the guard teeth can be had with blades of different widths.
I claim as my invention:
1. In a razor, the combination of a flat sided blade having at its upper outer corner a recess with an inwardly and downwardly slanting shoulder and at about the middle of its width on its opposite end, an outwardly facing shoulder
2. In a razor, the combination of a back and tang, with the back in the form of a slotted tube, a plug having a beveled end fixed within the outer end of the said tube, a latch pivoted within the tang near its junction with the back, the said latch having a holding shoulder and a projecting handle, a spring fixed within the tang and pressing upon the said latch for holding it in engagement, and a blade fitted to the said slotted tube and having at its outer end a holding shoulder for engaging the beveled end of the said plug and having at its heel end a holding shoulder for being engaged by the holding shoulder of the said latch.
3. In a razor, the combination of the blade and back with a guard having on one broad side a flat face for resting upon one broad side of the blade, and on its opposite broad side a series of longitudinal grooves, and a guard holder in the form of a spring clamp having a longitudinal rib engaging one of the grooves in the said series, for adjustably holding the guard on the blade.
4. In a razor, the combination of the blade and a ribbed back with a flat guard adapted to rest upon one of the broad sides of the blade, and a separately formed guard holder having a tubular back for fitting snugly the ribbed back of the blade and definitely locating the guard holder relatively to the width of the blade and two clamping members extending from the tubular back of the said guard holder, one of which members presses upon one broad side of the blade and the other of which presses upon the guard and in turn presses the guard upon the other broad side of the blade.
5. In a razor, the combination of a blade and a ribbed back with a flat guard adapted to rest upon one of the broad sides of the blade, a resilient guard holder having a tubular back for fitting snugly the ribbed back of the razor, the said guard holder having two clamping members one of which presses upon one broad side of the blade and the other of which presses upon the guard and in turn presses the guard upon the other broad side of the blade, and means for holding the said guard at varying positions relatively to the said two clamping members.
Alonzo A. Warner.
John J. Hecksman,
E. F. Hall.