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parts 21 32 15 14 13 25 12 23 24 11 16 17 10 28 29 Fig1 Fig1 32 24 22 17 21 22 15 24 32 31 30 11 26 12 31 30 25 10 29 Fig2 Fig2 13 14 21 32 24 25 16 15 17 16 25 24 32 14 22 26 22 Fig3 Fig3 15 32 25 21 23 14 13 27 26 17 16 12 11 28 10 29 Fig4 Fig4 32 24 15 22 21 22 24 32 25 14 23 13 14 25 31 26 27 31 30 30 12 11 10 28 29 Fig5 Fig5 25 21 15 13 14 12 30 16 32 25 24 17 16 30 22 26 22 14 32 Fig6 Fig6 14 21 15 17 16a 11 24 25 12a 35 23 13 Fig7 Fig7 15 21 32 17 16b 36 25 23 12 11 10 Fig8 Fig8 22a 21a 40 23a Fig9 Fig9 21a 39 40 Fig10 Fig10

Ronson “Shaves and Sharpens” Razor

PatentUS1826410

InventionCombined Safety Razor and Sharpening Mechanism

FiledMonday, 16th February 1931

PublishedTuesday, 6th October 1931

InventorLouis Vincent Aronson

OwnerArt Metal Works Inc.

LanguageEnglish

Other countriesGB375651

For a full resolution version of the images click here

A PDF version of the original patent can be found here.

Patented Oct. 6, 1931. 1,826,410
United States Patent Office.

Louis V. Aronson, of Newark, New Jersey, assignor to Art Metal Works, In., a corporation of New Jersey Combined Safety Razor and Sharpening Mechanism. Application filed February 16, 1931.Serial No. 516,034.

This invention relates to a combined safety razor and sharpening device.

Among the objects of this invention are the provision of mechanism for facilitating a rotation of a safety razor blade for moving the faces of the edges on the same side of the blade, respectively, into cooperative engagement with a guard and a sharpening device, and the provision of means for facilitating a rotation of the razor blade for presenting either face of either edge to the sharpening device.

Various further and also various more specific objects, features and advantages will more clearly appear from the detailed description given below taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, which form a part of this specification.

The invention consists in such novel features, arrangements and combinations of parts, as may be shown, described and claimed in connection with the embodiments of the invention herein disclosed by way of example only.

Fig. 1 is a longitudinal section through the combined razor and sharpening device taken transversely through the razor head;

Fig. 2 is a side view;

Fig. 3 is an end view looking down toward the razor in Fig. 1;

Fig. 4 is a section similar to that in Fig. 1, showing several positions of the razor biade;

Fig. 5 is a longitudinal section through the handle and razor head taken longitudinally of the razor head;

Fig. 6 shows one of the moved positions of the razor blade;

Figure 7 shows in transverse section, the head portion of a modified form of razor embody the invention;

Fig. 8 shows a second modification;

Fig. 9 shows parts of another modification in section; and

Fig. 10 shows a partial top plan view of the modification shown in Fig. 9.

The combined safety razor and sharpening device includes a handle 10 removably secured to a member 11 on which a supporting member 12 is formed or to which it is rigidly connected. The member 12 has suitably secured thereto or formed integral therewith on one side a guard 13 provided with raised portions 14 for spacing the razor blade 15 from the guard proper. Formed on or secured to the opposite side of the member 12 are ears 16 in which the ends of the shaft of a sharpening roller 17 are journaled. This roller may be made of any suitable material and may be provided with a spiral rib as shown. The roller may be rotated by rolling the same over the hand of the user or otherwise as desired.

As shown in Fig. 5, the razor blade 15 may be removably secured to an inner clamping or supporting member 23, by an upper clamping member 21 which has bayonet slot connections with the heads of studs 22 extending through openings in the razor blade 15 and supported by a lower clamping member 23. In the modification as shown in Fig. 9, the lower clamping member 23a may be provided with alining studs 22a cooperating with alining holes in the upper clamping plate 21a which may be provided with a rectangular hole 39 to receive the rectangular head 40 of a stud swiveled in the lower clamping plate 23a. As the head 40 is turned into the position shown in Figs. 9 and 10, it engages with cam faces at the walls of the hole 39 to move the clamping plate 21a toward the clamping plate 23a.

The lower clamping member 23 may be provided with ears 24 in which are secured short bearing studs supported freely in ears 25 on a member 26. The member 26 is supported on a plunger 27 which extends through the handle 10 and is drawn downwardly to move the edges of the razor blade into cooperative position with the guard and sharpening device, by means of a spring 28 which operates between a shoulder within the handle 10 and a finger piece 29 threaded on the plunger 27.

In Fig. 1 the razor blade is shown in the operative position with one edge resting on the spacers 14 on the guard 13 and with the other edge resting on the sharpening roller 17. The supporting member 26 is normally aligned with the member 12 by means of aligning pins 30 on the member 12 engaging in holes 31 in the member 26. These aligning pins function to hold the edges of the razor blade in the proper operative position.

When it is desired to turn the razor about an axis extending through the plunger 27 the razor is moved into the dotted line position, shown in Fig. 4, by applying pressure to the member 29, and then the razor blade holder may be rotated by rotating the member 29 or by moving finger wheels 32 which are non- rotatably secured upon the bearing studs 24, about said axis.

The razor blade may also be turned to present the opposite faces of the edges to the guard and roller by moving the plunger27 and razor blade into the position shown in full lines, Fig. 4, and then by rotating the clamping means and razor blade about a longitudinal axis by manipulation of the finger wheels 32.

If it is desired to sharpen both faces of both edges of the blade, the razor blade may be moved into the dotted line position shown in Fig. 4 and may be rotated by means of the finger piece 29 or the finger wheels 32 about an axis extending through the plunger 27. By this means the corresponding faces of both edges may be sharpened on the sharpening device 17. The other pair of corresponding faces may be brought into cooperative position with respect to the guard and sharpening roller by rotating the clamping devices and blade by means of the finger wheels 32 about an axis extending longitudinally of the blade after the blade has been moved into the position shown by full lines in Fig. 4. Upon releasing the plunger 27, the faces of the edges of the razor blade will be drawn into cooperative position with respect to the guard and sharpening device whereupon one of the edges may be sharpened. After this edge has been sharpened the blade may be moved into the dotted line position shown in Fig. 4 and rotated about an axis extending through the plunger 27 so as to present the other edge to the sharpening device.

As shown in Fig. 7, if it is desired the razor blade may take the position indicated in this figure by making the ears 16a and the part 35 of the member 12a of lengths to accomplish this, or the same may be accomplished by the use of rollers of different diameters. In this way the blade may be mounted at the angle desired for shaving.

If desired, the bearing slots in the ears 16b, Fig. 8, may be elongated in the direction shown so that the sharpening roller may travel toward the face of the edge of the blade. The roller 17 may be normally held against the edge of the blade by means of a spring 36 which may bear against a roller or the shaft supporting the roller 17.

This construction permits the roller to come into uniform yielding contact with the blade for facilitating proper sharpening action throughout the length of the blade.

In Figure 6 the blade holder and blade are shown at an angular position with the supporting member 26 resting upon the roller 17, or upon this roller and the guard 13, in such position that the parts may be cleaned or washed after use, that is, to place the blade and holder in this position it is merely necessary to press upwardly on the finger piece 29 and turn the same through a small angle. Thereby the blade holder will be held in this extended position as long as desired for cleaning or for ready replacement of the blade.

In my copending application, Serial No. 512,614 (of which this application is a continuation in part), another razor structure is disclosed embodying some features of the invention disclosed herein, the claims of said copending application, however, being directed to features different from those claimed herein.

While the invention has been described with respect to certain particular preferred examples which give satisfactory results, it will be understood by those skilled in the art, after understanding the invention, that various changes and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention, and it is intended, therefore, in the appended claims to cover all such changes and modifications.

What is claimed as new and desired to be secured by Letters Patent of the United States, is:

1. In a combined safety razor and sharpening device the combination of a handle, a guard supported on one side of said handle, a sharpening device supported on the other side of said handle, a clamping device for a double-edged safety razor blade, means for pivotally supporting said clamping device about the longitudinal central axis of said blade, means for moving said supporting means to move the edges or the blade into cooperative relation with the guard and sharpening device, and means for moving said supporting means to move the blade edges away from the guard and sharpening device to facilitate turning of the razor blade about its longitudinal central axis.

2. In a combined safety razor and sharpening device the combination of a handle, a guard supported on one side of said handle, a sharpening device supported on the other side of said handle, a clamping device for a double-edged safety razor blade, means for pivotally supporting said clamping device on an axis extending longitudinally centrally of said blade, means for moving said supporting means to move and normally retain the edges of the blade respectively in cooperative relation with the guard and sharpening device, means for moving said supporting means to move the blade edges away from the guard and sharpening device to facilitate turning of the razor blade about its longitudinal central axis, and means for alining said supporting means with respect to said guard and sharpening device.

3. In a combined safety razor and sharpening device comprising a handle, a guard on one side of the handle, a sharpening device on the other side of the handle, clamping means for a double-edged safety razor blade, a plunger slidably mounted in said handle, a spring for urging said plunger to move the blade into cooperative relation with said guard and sharpening device, means on said plunger supporting said clamping means and razor blade on an axis extending longitudinally centrally of the razor blade, and means for moving said plunger against the force of said spring to move the blade and supporting means free of the guard and sharpening device to permit the blade to be turned about its longitudinal axis or about an axis coinciding with the axis of said plunger.

4. The combination of a handle, a guard on one side of the handle and spaced a suitable distance beyond the end of the handle, a sharpening device on the other side of the handle and spaced a greater distance from the end of the handle, clamping means for a safety razor blade, means for pivotally supporting said clamping means about an axis extending longitudinally of said blade, and means for drawing said supporting means toward said handle to move the blade into simultaneous cooperative relation with the guard and sharpening device.

5. In a combined safety razor and sharpening device, retaining means for a double edged blade, a sharpening surface mounted along the operative position of one of the blade edges, guard means for cooperating with the other blade edge when in operative shaving position, and means for attaching said retaining means and sharpening surface in relatively movable relationship, said attaching means including a member pivotable about an axis extending lengthwise of the blade whereby either blade surface of either of the two blade edges may be brought into contact with the said same sharpening surface while the blade remains secured in the retaining means.

6. A safety razor comprising a handle, a guard attached thereto, blade retaining means comprising a pair of clamping plates, a support for said retaining means comprising a plunger rotatably carried by the handle, spring means cooperating with said handle and plunger to normally hold the plunger in a position with the blade in said retaining means in cooperative position with respect to the said guard, said plunger having a portion adapted to be engaged by the thumb of the user and said handle having a finger engaging portion, whereby the device may be held in one hand and the plunger moved to elevate the blade retaining means to a position whereby the blade will be substantially spaced from the guard, said retaining means with the blade clamped therein then being rotatable about an axis extending in the general direction of the handle.

7. In a combined safety razor and sharpening device, a handle, a channel-shaped frame mounted on said handle and having a guard at one edge of the channel and a sharpening device at the other edge thereof, double edged blade retaining means, and supporting means for said retaining means, said supporting means normally resting within said channel-shaped frame member and including pivotal means adapted to be moved to an extended position at which the retaining means with the blade therein may be rotated about either of two different axes.

8. In a combined safety razor and sharpening device, retaining means for a double edged blade, a guard for cooperating with one blade edge, a sharpening device for cooperating with the other blade edge while the first mentioned blade edge is substantially in shaving position, and spring means operatively associated with said retaining means to normally urge the blade edges respectively into cooperative relationship with said guard and sharpening device, said retaining means being pivotally mounted along an axis extending in a generally longitudinal direction in respect to the blade edges.

9. In a combined safety razor and sharpening device, the combination of a sharpening element, means for clamping a double edged safety razor blade with one edge exposed for shaving and the other edge at the same time extending along and adapted to contact with said sharpening element, and means for pivotally supporting said clamping means on an axis extending longitudinally of said blade.

10. In a combined safety razor and sharpening device the combination of a handle, a guard supported on one side of said handle, a sharpening device supported on the other side of said handle, a rotatable clamping means for clamping a safety razor blade with an edge in shaving position at said guard, and means for moving said clamping means with the blade therein away from said guard to permit the blade to be turned about a longitudinal axis of the blade to bring said edge into cooperative relation with said sharpening device.

11. In a combined safety razor and sharpening device, blade retaining means, a sharpening surface and a guard, and means for attaching said retaining means and sharpening surface in relatively movable relationship on the razor, said attaching means including members pivotable about two different axes and whereby either surface of the blade may be brought into contact with the said sharpening surface or with said guard.

In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification.


Louis V. Aronson.